Just another reason to have the elderly vaccinated every year with Influenza vaccine along with appropriate 23-valent pneumococcal vaccine (when is pneumovax given?).
This prospective study in Hong Kong observed readmission rates among 36,000 elderly patients. The study found statistically significant decrease in the number of deaths, pneumonia, strokes and myocardial infarctions among the studied population.
One may ask “What does a vaccine have to do with prevention of stroke or MI?”. The reasons are that this population is at risk for these stressful infections. The burden of these conditions (sepsis) can further stress a compromised elderly patient and can “push” them into a stroke or and MI. These vaccine may not even completely prevent the illnesses themselves but by reducing the stress of the illness can go a long way in reducing morbidity and mortality from other conditions such as MI and strokes.
Also of note that very few if any “side effects” that are often cited in the lay media were seen. If there were more side effects it should have been seen in the higher hospitalization rate. In fact the vaccinated group had lower death and hospitalization rates.
For more information read the reference:
1. Hung, Ivan F N, Angela Y M Leung, Daniel W S Chu, Doris Leung, Terence Cheung, Chi-Kuen Chan, Cindy L K Lam, et al. 2010. Prevention of acute myocardial infarction and stroke among elderly persons by dual pneumococcal and influenza vaccination: a prospective cohort study. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 51, no. 9 (November): 1007-16. doi:10.1086/656587. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20887208.